Prescribers play a crucial role in identifying patients at risk for substance use disorder or overdose.
What can prescribers do?
(1) Review and adhere to the CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids
(2) Register and access the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program before prescribing controlled substances.
(3) Screen patients for tobacco use, alcohol use, drug use, and prescription medication misuse. Address at-risk use with brief intervention and referral for further assessment and treatment, if appropriate.
(4) Talk with patients about the dangers and risks of prescription opioids. When appropriate, offer alternatives to prescription opioids.
(5) Tell patients to lock up their medications (because pills are often diverted out of home medicine cabinets) and dispose of unused medications at either local pharmacy, drug take-back location, or law enforcement organization.
(6) Consider prescribing Naloxone with patient’s opioid prescription.
ADA Prescription Opioid Abuse
ARTICLES AND RESOURCES:
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine 2019. Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
WV Safe & Effective Management of Pain (SEMP) Guidelines - http://sempguidelines.org/
WV OHFLC registry of licensed pain clinics (not including academic/hospital) - https://ohflac.wvdhhr.org/Apps/Lookup/FacilitySearch/W9
DEA Rx Abuse Online Reporting – https://apps.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/rxaor/spring/main?execution=e1s1
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Managing Chronic Pain in Adults With or in Recovery From Substance Use Disorders. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 54. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 12-4671. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Medications To Treat Opioid Use Disorder. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 63, Full Document. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 18-5063FULLDOC. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2018
Morphine Equivalent (Opioid) Dose Calculator - https://www.agencymeddirectors.wa.gov/Calculator/DoseCalculator
De-escalating Conflict in the Healthcare Setting, Dr. Marge Paccione - http://health.ri.gov/materialbyothers/DeEscalatingConflictInTheHealthcareSetting.pdf
SBIRT link - https://www.samhsa.gov/sbirt/about
Drug Abuse Screening Test -DAST - https://cde.drugabuse.gov/instrument/e9053390-ee9c-9140-e040-bb89ad433d69
Opioid Risk Tool link - http://health.ri.gov/materialbyothers/OpioidRiskTool.pdf
SCOPE of Pain is a series of continuing medical education/continuing nursing education activities designed to help you safely and effectively manage patients with chronic pain, when appropriate, with opioid analgesics.
PCSS is a program funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) created in response to the opioid overdose epidemic to train primary care providers in the evidence-based prevention and treatment of opioid use disorders and treatment of chronic pain.
Opioids For Acute Pain What You Need To Know
SAMHSA: The Role of PDMPs in Preventing Prescription Opioid Misuse
SAMHSA: PDMPs as a Public Health Tool
SAMHSA: Preventing Opioid Overdose: The Value of Naloxone
Other resources/information from Tennessee:
Tennessee Chronic Pain Guidelines:
A Prescription Drug Monitoring Program, or PDMP, is an electronic database that tracks prescriptions for controlled substances. The PDMP can help identify patients who may be misusing prescription drugs and who may be at risk for overdose. In West Virginia, the PDMP is called CSMP or Controlled Substance Monitoring Program.
For more information about the WV CSMP contact:
West Virginia Board of Pharmacy